Bruce Jenner (65 years old) or now named herself Caitlyn Jenner transformed into a woman until 65 year becomes a man. In April 2015, Bruce Jenner spoke about her transition to being a woman in a television special that drew nearly 17 million viewers. On Monday, that woman revealed her new identity, appearing as Caitlyn Jenner on the cover of Vanity Fair Magazine. The photograph of Ms. Jenner in a corset, shot by Annie Leibovitz and accompanied by the headline “Call Me Caitlyn,” immediately became a sensation on social media when the magazine posted the article online. Ms. Jenner, 65, who won an Olympic gold medal in the decathlon, has had a long public life. As Bruce Jenner, she had been on the cover of Playgirl, an author, an actor and most recently a part of the Kardashian family’s reality television empire. Earlier this year, reports emerged that Bruce Jenner was in the process of becoming a woman. The Vanity Fair article represents the latest in a carefully calibrated series of public steps by Ms. Jenner and her team, as she moves toward the debut of a new reality show on the E! Network that will begin at the end of July, and a new public life as a woman.
This is very phenomenal issues this week. Many opinions come and make little attraction in public. The question is, why now? Why Bruce want to transform himself into a woman in his age like this?. I want to discuss it from the Mental Health and Psychiatric nursing sides. I hope it will help you and of course me to understand what is going on.
One of the powerful poem about “what it feels like to be a transgender” read by Lee Mokobe quotes beautiful words,
“I was the mystery of an anatomy, a question asked but not answered…no one ever thinks of us as human, because we are more ghost than flash “
this poem is really beautiful poem. Personally, I am touched by that words. How amazing and describe all what the poetry wants to say to the public. Okay, to make the story sorts, let’s discuss about the real and the main points of this article.
In fact, Expert in sexuality doesn’t agree on what is normal sexual behavior. For years, many people believe that only sexual relations between married heterosexual partners for procreation ware normal. Today, people view sexual behavior with a wider range of attitudes.
In mental health range we now that Bruce Jenner feels as Transsexualism. It is the desire to become a member of opposite gender. It happened in Bruce before he transforms into a woman. He confuses about his gender and claims that inside him is a woman. A transsexual is an individual with a gender identity disorder. Transsexuals experience a mismatch between their biological gender and their gender identity. They live as members of the opposite gender part or full time and may seek to change gender through hormone therapy and gender reassignment surgery. Transsexual patients often describe themselves as “feeling trapped in the wrong body”. Transsexuals genuinely believe that they belong to the other gender.
We talk about transsexual, but how about transgender ?. Let’s have a look on it. APA (2015) says that Transgender is an umbrella term for persons whose gender identity, gender expression or behavior does not conform to that typically associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth. Gender identity refers to a person’s internal sense of being male, female or something else; gender expression refers to the way a person communicates gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, hairstyles, voices or body characteristics. In the real world (What i mean is in the daily life activities), public prefer to use transgender than transsexual. (I am not really sure, but i will make a research about that in the different article).
Debate about transgender and transsexual
Transsexualism is often included within the broader category of transgender identities, an umbrella category for people who do not conform to typical gender roles. Transsexualism refers to a specific condition in the transgender realm. Although an individual who cross dressers and an individual who identifies as transsexual are both classified as transgender people, their identities differ radically. The term transsexual originated in the medical and psychological communities, and is an older term than transgender. Many prefer the term transgender and consider transsexual to be outdated and derogatory, due to its roots in describing the identity as a disease. Additionally, transsexual is considered a misnomer by some people because the underlying condition is related to gender identity and not sexuality. They suggest that transgender is the more widely accepted term. They recommend that clinicians avoid the term transsexual unless they are sure that a client is comfortable with it. It is best to ask an individual which term, if any, is preferred. So, from this explanation we see that ‘transgender’ is more accepted than transsexual terms when we want to discuss about their condition in the field.
The best example to make a differentiation between transsexual and transgender
People who were assigned male, but identify and live as female and alter or wish to alter their bodies through medical intervention to more closely resemble their gender identity are known as transsexual women or trans women (also known as male-to-female or MTF). Some individuals who transition from one gender to another prefer to be referred to as a man or a woman, rather than as transgender.
Why are some people transgender?
There is no single explanation for why some people are transgender. The diversity of transgender expression and experiences argues against any simple or unitary explanation. Many experts believe that biological factors such as genetic influences and prenatal hormone levels, early experiences, and experiences later in adolescence or adulthood may all contribute to the development of transgender identities.
How does transgender known that they are transgender
Transgender people experience their transgender identity in a variety of ways and may become aware of their transgender identity at any age. Some can trace their transgender identities and feelings back to their earliest memories. They may have vague feelings of “not fitting in” with people of their assigned sex or specific wishes to be something other than their assigned sex. Others become aware of their transgender identities or begin to explore and experience gender-nonconforming attitudes and behaviors during adolescence or much later in life. Some embrace their transgender feelings, while others struggle with feelings of shame or confusion. Those who transition later in life may have struggled to fit in adequately as their assigned sex only to later face dissatisfaction with their lives. Some transgender people, transsexuals in particular, experience intense dissatisfaction with their sex assigned at birth, physical sex characteristics, or the gender role associated with that sex. These individuals often seek gender-affirming treatments.
One of the example is Bailey experiences in her live with hidden identity of herself because she is a lesbian. She explain that :
“I became the opposite of who I thought I once was. I stayed in my room instead of socializing. I stopped engaging in clubs and leadership activities. I didn’t want to stand out in the crowd anymore. I told myself it was because I was growing up and maturing, not that I was suddenly looking for acceptance. I had always assumed I was immune to needing acceptance. After all, I was a bit unconventional… I was paralyzed by my fear of not being accepted.”
How do transsexuals make a gender transition?
Transitioning from one gender to another is a complex process and may involve transition to a gender that is neither traditionally male nor female. People who transition often start by expressing their preferred gender in situations where they feel safe. They typically work up to living full time as members of their preferred gender by making many changes a little at a time. While there is no “right” way to transition genders, there are some common social changes transgender people experience that may involve one or more of the following: adopting the appearance of the desired sex through changes in clothing and grooming, adopting a new name, changing sex designation on identity documents (if possible), using hormone therapy treatment, and/or undergoing medical procedures that modify their body to conform with their gender identity.
Every transgender person’s process or transition differs. Because of this, many factors may determine how the individual wishes to live and express their gender identity. Finding a qualified mental health professional who is experienced in providing affirmative care for transgender people is an important first step. A qualified professional can provide guidance and referrals to other helping professionals. Connecting with other transgender people through peer support groups and transgender community organizations is also helpful.
Psychological techniques that attempt to alter gender identity to one considered appropriate for the person’s assigned sex are typically ineffective. The widely recognized Standards of Care note that sometimes the only reasonable and effective course of treatment for transsexual people is to go through sex reassignment therapy. The need for treatment is emphasized by the high rate of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, and various addictions, as well as a higher suicide rate among untreated transsexual people than in the general population.
Many transgender and transsexual activists, and many caregivers, note that these problems are not usually related to the gender identity issues themselves, but the social and cultural responses to gender-variant individuals. Some transsexual people reject the counseling that is recommended by the Standards of Care because they don’t consider their gender identity to be a cause of psychological problems.
Resources that I used for my article is come from these resources below :
- Somaiya, Ravi(2015). The New York Times edition June 1, 2015. Caitlyn Jenner, Formerly Bruce, Introduces herself in Vanity Fair. Take from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/02/business/media/jenner-reveals-new-name-in-vanity-fair-article.html?_r=0 in June 4, 2015.
- Anonymous (2015). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transsexual in June, 13 2015.
- Lee Mokobe (2015). A powerful poem about what it feels like to be a transgender. https://www.ted.com/talks/lee_mokobe_a_powerful_poem_about_what_it_feels_like_to_be_transgender/transcript?language=en.
- American Psychological Association (2015). Answer to your question about transgender people, gender identity, and gender expression. http://www.apa.org/topics/lgbt/transgender.aspx on June, 13 2015.
- Bailey, Morgana(2014). The danger of hiding who you are. https://www.ted.com/talks/morgana_bailey_the_danger_of_hiding_who_you_are/transcript?language=en. On June, 18 2015.