“..re-reading and highlighting — seem to provide minimal benefits to learning and performance..” the study’s lead author Dr. John Dunlosky told APS.
Okay, this news is rock !. So, now the question is what is the right study tips that will bring you to the highest benefit to learn and to perform ?. Below is the explanation according to that question.
The researchers reviewed 10 of the most widely used learning strategies and provided recommendations about their applicability and usefulness based on the available evidence. They are:
- Distributed practice
Distributed practice is simply a fancy name for spreading out your learning over a longer period of time, rather than trying to cram everything into one study session.Cramming may get you a passing grade, but you won’t retain the information for very long. Studying materials and then returning to review them every few days, weeks or months, on the other hand, will help you to remember for longer periods of time. In the simple word, try to divide your study time and study every time possible.
- Practice testing
Practice testing not only prepares you for the sort of questions that may appear on your exam, but also cements the information in your mind. Although it was found to be one of the most useful techniques for learning, few students use it regularly. It can include techniques like answering questions at the end of a chapter or text, or using flashcards to recall important snippets of information. So, if you study about one topics, try to make a question from the topics and next try to challenge yourself by answering that question. It seems fun, right?. For me, if I really bored to read an information from the book, i will challenge my self with the question and next try to answer that. If i want to answer the question, i must read the book right. It is so interesting.
- Elaborative interrogation
Elaborative interrogation involves answering “Why?” questions in order to generate explanations for explicitly stated facts. For instance, “Why does that make sense?” or “Why is this true?”Although this method can be beneficial when it comes to factual topics, it may not be applicable to lengthier or more complex material. This method will make you instantly doing the research about your topic or what you learn about, and it means that you are studying right now.
Self-explanation is when you try to explain the text or concept to yourself in detail rather than simply reading it. This can be helpful to a certain extent, but naturally, its effectiveness hinges on your ability to provide accurate explanations. I am the one who use this method. Don’t blame me, it works when I want to prepare my presentation.
- Interleaved practice
This strategy involves mixing up different types of problems or different kinds of material into one study session. There is, as of yet, little evidence to support interleaved practice as an effective learning technique. This is the problem of multitasking human like me. I like to do this method. It helps me to find the whole meaning of my subject and prevent me from being bored.
- Highlighting and underlining
Highlighting and underlining are two of the most frequently used learning strategies, but research indicates these techniques are not only ineffective, but may even be detrimental to learning if used incorrectly.
Passively reading the same text over and over is unlikely to do much for a student’s overall comprehension or recall, unless it is spaced out over time as with distributed practice.
Summarizing information is another frequently used tactic, but unless you are unusually skilled at picking out the most important points from a text, it’s not a good investment of your time.
- Mental imagery
Mental imagery involves thinking of pictures that make it easier to remember text. While it can be useful at times, it is also time-consuming and generally only applicable to text that is imagery-friendly.
- Keyword mnemonic
Keyword mnemonic is often used by students learning a foreign language. It means associating a new vocabulary word with another word that sounds similar — one you are already familiar with. For instance, the French word ‘pain’ could be associated with a loaf of bread in a ‘pan.’While this strategy might work for some students, it generally requires too much work and isn’t very efficient.
For the record and this is so important. Number 1 and 2 are most effective study habit. Number 3-5 is moderately effective and the last number 6-10 is the least effective study habit.
So, This is the new information about study method. Are you surprise like me?. Yeah, i hope your answer is yes.
My study resources are: